At this stage, having the skills to facilitate open dialogue and enforce accountability is critical. During the Norming stage, members shift their energy to the team’s goals and show an increase in productivity, in both individual and collective work. The team may find that this is an appropriate time for an evaluation of team processes and productivity. Behaviors during the 4 stages of group development Norming stage may include members making a conscious effort to resolve problems and achieve group harmony. There might be more frequent and more meaningful communication among team members, and an increased willingness to share ideas or ask teammates for help. Team members refocus on established team groundrules and practices and return their focus to the team’s tasks.

In the meantime, the team quickly makes a few edits that seem useful for ranking the articles even better. The project is officially completed.In the end, Stella, Adam, Daniel, and Daisy go their separate ways, capping off the project as a complete success in every way. In our view, this is a good model that is worth sharing within teams, particularly recently formed teams. It’s also particularly useful in matrix of project environments where teams come together and disband fairly frequently. Leaders can find a range of activities which can be used to bring the model to life, but simply discussing and sharing it can be helpful too.

Stage 5: Adjourning stage

When all the emotional issues have been solved, the team is ready for the next stage. As team members get to know each other, they are ready to move to the next stage. Alliance for Leadership Acceleration and the LEAP-Leadership Acceleration Program. In fact, they may even mourn the fact that the project is ending and that they need to move on to work on other projects. However, something’s not quite right, and everyone can sense it — unexpectedly, tension builds as the final stage looms large. Everyone’s pouring their heart and soul into the content production project.

  • You might still have to put out the occasional fire, but on high-performing teams, leaders can generally focus on monitoring progress, measuring results and celebrating achievements.
  • However, something’s not quite right, and everyone can sense it — unexpectedly, tension builds as the final stage looms large.
  • Based on these results, Wheelan’s position supports the traditional linear models of group development and casts doubt on the cyclic models and Gersick’s punctuated equilibrium model.
  • While not part of Tuckman’s original model, it is important for any team to pay attention to the end or termination process.
  • In some cases, the Norming Stage may often be intersected by the Storming Stage.
  • Without a clear understanding of what role each individual plays on the team, relationships can get tumultuous as team members struggle to find a role that’s right for them.

Yet, she also asks them to try to be less witty as they are writing for a serious B2B audience. Now, this is where things get tense for Adam, Daisy, Daniel, and Stella as they set their plan into motion — and find their opinions and personalities are at odds with each other. However, you won’t get far with your project by sweeping vital questions and potential problems under the rug. So, team orientation is over — and team members are likely to forgo the politeness they exercised in the first stage.

Team Development: 4 Stages Every Team Experiences

So, you host a meeting where your team can get to know one another, their work style, and the way they feel appreciated.

4 stages of group development

This level of trust is shared between team members, and the relationship that has been built between each team member has a direct effect on productivity. In the first stages of team development, the role of the leader is quite dominant. This means that at the beginning, you’ll have to control and monitor the team and assign tasks to each team member. It’s upon reaching this stage that a team can become high performing.

Who invented stages of group development?

They simplify the sequence and group the forming-storming-norming stages together as the “transforming” phase, which they equate with the initial performance level. This is then followed by a “performing” phase that leads to a new performance level which they call the “reforming” phase. “Resolved disagreements and personality clashes result in greater intimacy, and a spirit of co-operation emerges.”[4] This happens when the team is aware of competition and they share a common goal. In this stage, all team members take responsibility and have the ambition to work for the success of the team’s goals. They start tolerating the whims and fancies of the other team members. The danger here is that members may be so focused on preventing conflict that they are reluctant to share controversial ideas.

The team leader takes the role of the curator, stepping aside and giving more freedom of action to the team. At this stage, the team negotiates and makes decisions among themselves. Bear in mind that, in some cases, you might need to reform and relaunch a long-standing team to reap the benefits of all four Tuckman stages. And to be clear, the Tuckman model is only one way of looking at team development. But it’s been around a long time and I believe it still serves as a good jumping-off point for the concept of seeing teams as organically evolving entities rather than “plug and play” machines. When forming a team, leaders need to build trust, set expectations and encourage involvement.

The 5 stages of group development

Their focus may shift from the tasks at hand to feelings of frustration or anger with the team’s progress or process. Members may express concerns about being unable to meet the team’s goals. During the Storming stage, members are trying to see how the team will respond to differences and how it will handle conflict. The principal work for the team during the Forming stage is to create a team with clear structure, goals, direction and roles so that members begin to build trust. A good orientation/kick-off process can help to ground the members in terms of the team’s mission and goals, and can establish team expectations about both the team’s product and, more importantly, the team’s process.

4 stages of group development

In the world of teamwork and collaboration, understanding the stages of group development is akin to having a reliable time tracker—both are essential tools for navigating the journey from forming to performing. So, if you aim to have a profitable, sustainable empire, you need a close-knit team to make it happen. To get there, learning more about team-management skills and the stages of group development is the way to go.

Stages of Group Development

Creating a team charter is a great tool to help your team, as is conducting different kinds of “get to know you” activities. The team is already used to each other’s workflows, and most future disputes and conflicts generally become easier to overcome. The official (or unofficial) team leader takes a back seat much more than in the previous stages. As a result, the individual team members are given their chance to shine. In fact, each phase plays a critical role in the team’s progress — whether in short, medium, or long-term goals.

4 stages of group development

On another occasion, Daniel invents the team’s anthem — which reflects everyone’s tendency to arrive to meetings 2 minutes after the agreed time and then apologize about it too much. Of course, you can only move on to this more pleasant stage if you’ve addressed and answered all the vital questions from the previous, Storming Stage. Once the first articles are finished, the review process brings a couple of more disagreements. Daisy has a couple of notes on the sources and anchors used — this time, Adam agrees, but Daniel gets defensive again. To clarify how this step could develop, let’s explore a real-life example of the Storming Stage.

Morgan, Salas & Glickman’s TEAM model

The Norming stage determines a state of peace ✊after conflict resolution. At this stage, the participants show more respect to the team lead and more trust in each other. Meaning that it’s possible to predict how group members are likely to behave and choose the best strategies for team management.